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Harness the Power of Nature's Medicine
with this List of Fruits and Vegetables

Look at this gigantic list of fruits and vegetables! The beauty of our natural world never fails to amaze me. 

After a year of global focus on illness, I'd love to see the conversation shift to include a focus on wellness. There is so much that a wide variety of fruits and vegetables does to improve our overall health.

I truly believe in the power of a plant-based diet to arm people with abundant health.

I think it's widely known that fresh fruit and vegetables are healthy; that they are low in fat, calories, and sodium, have no cholesterol, and are high in fiber.

The fiber in vegetables and fruits helps fill you up so don't feel like eating more than you need, and it also helps move the digestive system along. If you eat a plant-based diet with tons of fiber and drink water, you help your body to process the necessary nutrients and then remove the waste efficiently. 

Those nutrients help give you energy, detoxify from free radicals, cleanse your blood and keep it pumping freely through your body, keep your skin healthy, improve your immune system, strengthen your bones and teeth, and overall keep you healthy!

Eat the Rainbow Every. Single. Day

The amazing thing about veggies and fruits that people might not know is that they get their vibrant colors from the specific vitamins and minerals in each one.

Each group of colors has similar nutrients; red produce is packed with vitamin C and green produce has tons of vitamin K, and so on? That makes so much sense, but it absolutely blew my mind! 

If you eat something from each color with every meal (or at least by the end of the day), you've truly given yourself a balanced diet. This gives new meaning to the phrase "eat the rainbow."

Do You Eat Enough Veggies?

Did you know that the most consumed vegetables in America are potatoes, lettuce, and tomatoes? Most of us are eating far too little of these nutritious foods. If you can get yourself into the category of people eating the most vegetables and fruits, you will have the lowest risk for chronic diseases and you won't need to use supplements to eat a balanced diet.

There are more than 12,000 phytochemicals (these are the chemicals that come from plants and provide color to the food) in nature, and eating fruits and vegetables, rather than using supplements, is the best way to make sure you are getting enough of them in your diet. Each color food has a different type of phytochemical that helps your immune system function properly.

You can really pack a punch of nutrients with super foods,  and I like to add them in as much as I can. 

No matter what you're doing right now, you can add more variety into your diet. I know it can be hard to come up with new ideas for foods, and so I wanted to provide some inspiration for all the beautiful and insanely delicious options you have for eating the rainbow, every single day.

Shortly after I first built this page, people started asking if they could download the pictures to use in their classrooms or at home, and so I started making downloadable files on Etsy that you can print for your zoom room, homeschool room, nursery, or just as a beautiful art print for your kitchen or dining room.

Red Fruits and Vegetables

The main phytochemicals in red fruits and veggies are anthocyanin and carotenoids, specifically lycopene. Lycopene helps reduce damage from free radicals in your body and it also prevents heart disease, cancer, prostrate problems, and reduces the skin damage from the sun. Red fruits and vegetables help memory function, urinary tract health, and keep your heart healthy.

These foods are often very high in vitamin C, which helps encourage cellular renewal in your body.

In addition to the power you get from the red foods, you also benefit from the byproducts, like vinegar, and specifically raw apple cider vinegar.

These posters are enormously popular on Pinterest and I’ve started selling them as digital downloads because so many people asked if they could download these and print posters for their homes and classrooms. You can click through to Etsy to see more about the red print download. 

Orange Fruits and Vegetables

Carotenoids are the most powerful phytochemical in orange fruits and vegetables. The darker and more vibrant the orange, the more carotenoids they contain. Carotenoids repair DNA and help prevent cancer and heart disease. 

Orange foods also give us ample amounts of potassium and vitamin A, which keeps our eyes and skin healthy, enhances our vision. We know oranges have good vitamin C, but so do all of the other orange veggies. You can boost your immune system by loading up on naturally orange foods.  

A picture showing the orange fruits and vegetables

The print of the orange fruit and veg is available to download on Etsy here

Yellow Fruits and Vegetables

Naturally yellow foods are high in antioxidants like vitamin C, which keeps our teeth and gums healthy, helps to heal cuts, improves the mucus membranes (like when we have colds), helps to absorb iron, prevents inflammation, improves circulation, and therefore prevents heart disease. Some of the darker ones also cross over with the health benefits of orange foods.

A picture showing the yellow fruits and vegetables

You can purchase the yellow fruits and vegetables download here.

Green Fruits and Vegetables

The two main phytochemical in green fruits and vegetables are sulforaphane and indoles, which both prevent cancer. They are also good for the circulatory system and have good vitamin B and minerals.

The vitamin K in green foods also helps with vision, and with maintaining strong bones and teeth. Some of the yellower green vegetables have carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin that help to prevent cataracts and eye disease, as well as osteoporosis.

Dark, leafy greens can almost be put in a category by themselves because they're so packed with nutrients. In addition to the above, they're loaded with antioxidants, anti-inflammatory properties, sun protection, and can even be called anti-aging. They're also a great way to get folate into your body, the B vitamin you hear about when you're pregnant because it helps prevent birth defects. It also helps detoxify and repair DNA and support gut health. Eat dark, leafy greens every day!

The base of a GOMBS diet is the dark leafy greens, and it helps to prevent and treat degenerative diseases like cancer, heart disease, and Type-2 diabetes.

A picture showing the green fruits and vegetables

Here's the green fruits and vegetables poster printable on Etsy. 

Greenish/White Fruits and Vegetables

I know, I know, we're supposed to hop over to blue from here, but in the produce world, the light green/white fruits and veggies are a category of their own. So pause on the ROYGBIV to add in a little W.

The predominant phytochemical in whitish/greenish vegetables is called allicin, which create an anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-viral chemical environment in your body.

Some white foods prevent cancer and heart disease, and lower cholesterol levels. Interestingly, we often think of celery as a useless vegetable because it has no calories, but it does have minerals like sodium that helps to keep our joints healthy. Mushrooms are similar- you might not realize they're healthy, but they're packed with selenium, which helps to prevent cancer and keeps your body in balance.

Everything on this greenish/white list of fruits and vegetables helps maintain low cholesterol levels in your body as well as a healthy heart.

A picture showing the white-green fruits and vegetables

To get your copy of the white fruits and vegetables poster, check out the listing on Etsy.

Blue/Indigo/Violet Fruits and Vegetables

The blue, indigo, and violet list of fruits and vegetables are great for their anti-aging properties. These foods have tons of antioxidants, specifically anthocyanins and phenolics. Some blue and purple fruits and vegetables are also really high in vitamin C.

Anything in this category will help improve circulation and prevent blood clots, so they are great for the heart and can help prevent heart disease. They are also known to help memory function and urinary tract health and to reduce free radical damage.

A picture showing the blue and purple fruits and vegetables

And last but not least, if you want a poster of the list of fruits and vegetables in blue and purple tints, click through to Etsy to find the file to download. 

Full List of Fruits and Vegetables


  • Red Apples
  • Blood Oranges
  • Cherries
  • Cranberries
  • Red Grapes
  • Pink Grapefruit
  • Lingonberries
  • Red Onions
  • Red Pears
  • Pomegranate
  • Red Beets
  • Red Cabbage
  • Red Potatoes
  • Radishes
  • Raspberries
  • Radicchio
  • Rhubarb
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelon


  • Acorn Squash
  • Apricots
  • Butternut Squash
  • Cantaloupe
  • Carrots
  • Kabocha Squash
  • Kiwano Melons
  • Kumquats
  • Mangoes
  • Nectarines
  • Oranges
  • Papayas
  • Passionfruit
  • Peaches
  • Orange Peppers
  • Persimmons
  • Pumpkins
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Tangerines
  • Turmeric


  • Yellow Apples
  • Bananas
  • String Beans
  • Cactus Pears
  • Corn
  • Yellow Figs
  • Ginger
  • Grapefruit
  • Yellow Kiwis
  • Lemons
  • Yellow Pears
  • Pineapple
  • Yellow Peppers
  • Yukon Gold Peppers
  • Yellow Tomatoes
  • Yellow Watermelon


  • Green Apples
  • Artichokes
  • Arugula
  • Asparagus
  • Avocado
  • Bitter Melon
  • Broccoli
  • Brusels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Collard Greens
  • Cucumber
  • Green Grapes
  • Green Beans
  • Honeydew Melon
  • Kale
  • Kiwi
  • Limes 
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Pears
  • Peppers
  • Romanesco Cauliflower
  • Seaweed
  • Spinach
  • Zucchini


  • Asian Pear
  • Burdock Root
  • Cauliflower
  • Chives
  • Coconut 
  • Daikon Radish
  • Dates
  • Dragonfruit
  • Fennel
  • Garlic
  • Guava
  • Ginger
  • Horseradish
  • Jicama
  • Kohlrabi
  • Leeks
  • Lychee
  • Mushrooms
  • Spring Onions
  • Onions
  • Parsley Root
  • Parsnip
  • White Peach
  • Pear
  • Potato
  • Sunchoke
  • Taro Root
  • Turnip


  • Purple Asparagus
  • Purple Beans
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Cairino
  • Black Currants
  • Black Carrot
  • Black Cherry
  • Purple Cabbage
  • Eggplant
  • Elderberries
  • Figs
  • Purple Grapes
  • Kohlrabi
  • Mulberry
  • Purple Onion
  • Purple Peppers
  • Plum
  • Blue Potato
  • Black Radish

I hope you've enjoyed our list of fruits and vegetables. Eat up!

› Fruits and Vegetables

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by Cathleen Woods   |   © Copyright 2008-2021  |   Vegan-Nutritionista.com

Disclaimer: Everything in this website is based upon information collected by Cathleen Woods, from a variety of sources. It is my opinion and is not intended as medical advice. We do not sell personal information.
It is recommended that you consult with a qualified health care professional before making a diet change.

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